When is something verified?
According to Section 4, Rule 7 of the Revised Rules of Civil Procedure:
A pleading is verified by an affidavit that the affiant has read the pleading and that the allegations therein are true and correct of his knowledge and belief.
A pleading required to be verified which contains a verification based on “information and belief,” or upon “knowledge, information and belief,” or lacks a proper verification, shall be treated as an unsigned pleading.
When is it not?
When there is only what they call a Jurat. You know that. It goes a little bit like this:
“Subscribed and sworn to before me on _________, affiant showing to me his Community Tax Certificate No. ________, issued at ________ on __________.”
Which is common in notarized affidavits.
A verification (though also in affidavit form but separate and distinct from the main body or complaint) should look like this:
“I, ___________, of legal age, Filipino and residing at ___________, after being duly sworn to according to law, hereby depose and say:
1. I have read this Impeachment Complaint and/or caused it to be prepared.
2. The facts therein are true and correct to my own knowledge and belief.”
then followed by the Jurat.
What about this thing called a “virtual acknowledgement” where being a lawyer makes anything he executes such?
“Virtual” does not mean “actual” so the answer is “virtually wrong…” or he is “virtually dreaming.”